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Font Case

Font case describes the way characters are capitalized within a word or phrase. "Font" refers to the typeface used to display the letters, while "case" refers to their capitalization. Below are examples of different font cases, shown in their corresponding style.

  1. UPPER CASE - every character is capitalized
  2. lower case - no letters are capitalized
  3. Sentence case - the first letter of the first word in a sentence is capitalized
  4. Title Case - the first letter of each word is capitalized
  5. camelCase - the first letter of each word within a compound word, besides the first word, is capitalized
  6. PascalCase - the first letter of each word within a compound word, including the first word, is capitalized
  7. toGGLe caSe - random characters are capitalized

Specific font cases are appropriate for various applications. For example, sentence case is the grammatically correct way to type a sentence. Title case is used for proper names and titles of articles. Upper case (also "uppercase" or "ALL CAPS") can be used to bring attention to a specific word or phrase. Lower case (also "lowercase") is commonly used in online chat and text messaging since it is the fastest way to type messages.

Programmers use camelCase when writing source code. PascalCase (sometimes called "UpperCamelCase" is an alternative version that some developers prefer. Toggle case may be used to modify the appearance of a handle or online identity, such as an eSports player name.

It is important to use the correct font case when publishing professional articles and writing formal messages. Font case is less important with informal communication. For example, it is acceptable to type a text message in all lower case, but it is unprofessional to only use lower case when corresponding via email. If you only use upper case, it SEEMS LIKE YOU ARE SHOUTING. Keeping caps lock off and using the Shift key appropriately will help you communicate more effectively.

NOTE: In macOS, you can select Edit → Transformations while working in a text editor to apply a specific font case to a block of selected text. Options include Make Upper Case, Make Lower Case, and Capitalize, which transforms the selected text to title case.

Updated: February 3, 2021

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